Sophocles was an ancient Greek dramatist who lived from about 496 to about 406 BCE. He wrote over 100 plays and was one of the three famous Greek tragedians (along with Aeschylus and Euripides ). He is credited with diverging from the typical format of a tragedy : he increased the number of speaking actors, increased the number of chorus members, and used painted scenery Sophocles was born about 496 BC in Colonus Hippius (now part of Athens), he was to become one of the great playwrights of the golden age. The son of a wealthy merchant, he would enjoy all the comforts of a thriving Greek empire. Sophocles was provided with the best traditional aristocratic education. He studied all of the arts Sophocles. BORN: c. 496 bce, near Athens, Greece DIED: c. 406 bce, Athens, Greece NATIONALITY: Greek GENRE: Poetry, drama MAJOR WORKS: Antigone (442 bce) Oedipus Rex (c. 425 bce) Electra (c. 425-410 bce) Philoctetes (409 bce) Oedipus at Colonus (401 bce). Overview. During the fifth century bce, the Golden Age of Athens, new forms of art and literature were being developed with extraordinary. Sophocles (c. 496 B.C.E. - 406 B.C.E.) (Ancient Greek: Σοφοκλης) was one of the three great ancient Greek tragedians who, with Aeschylus and Euripides, defined the forms of drama and theater, establishing a literary tradition that influenced not only the drama of the ancient world but of the Western literary tradition to the present day.Every major dramatist—from Seneca to William.

Sophocles Biography, Plays, Legacy, & Facts Britannic

  1. Sophocles (Sophokles) was the second of the three great ancient Greek tragedians (after Aeschylus and before Euripides) whose work has survived. Only seven of his 123 plays have survived in a complete form but, for almost fifty years, he was the most-awarded playwright in the Dionysia dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens
  2. Sophocles. Sophocles. Vol 1: Oedipus the king. Oedipus at Colonus. Antigone. With an English translation by F. Storr. The Loeb classical library, 20
  3. Sophocles - Sophocles - The plays: Only seven of Sophocles' tragedies survive in their entirety, along with 400 lines of a satyr play, numerous fragments of plays now lost, and 90 titles. All seven of the complete plays are works of Sophocles' maturity, but only two of them, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus, have fairly certain dates
  4. Sophocles' long life spans most of the 5 th Century and coincides with the peak of Athenian political and cultural achievements. When Sophocles was still a child, the Greek city states won a decisive victory against the invading Persian armies in 490 BCE and again in 480

Sophocles - Ancient Greec

  1. Sophocles' Ajax, or Aias (/ ˈ eɪ dʒ æ k s / or / ˈ aɪ. ə s /; Ancient Greek: Αἴας, gen. Αἴαντος), is a Greek tragedy written in the 5th century BC. Ajax may be the earliest of Sophocles' seven tragedies to have survived, though it is probable that he had been composing plays for a quarter of a century already when it was first staged. It appears to belong to the same period.
  2. Sophocles was a playwright and the second of the 3 greatest Greek writers of tragedy (with Aeschylus and Euripides). He is known best for what he wrote about Oedipus , the mythological figure who proved central to Freud and the history of psychoanalysis
  3. Sophocles lived during the Classical Period (500 to 400 B.C.), a time of transition for Greece, when political and cultural events were changing and shaping Athenian culture. As a dramatist, Sophocles played an important part in this creation of a civilization, which included looking backward to ancient traditions and the first epic poetry of Greece, written by Homer
  4. Sophocles, Writer: Antigoni. Versatile Greek poet and tragic dramatist. He was the son of Sophilus, a wealthy arms manufacturer. Sophocles studied tragedy under Aeschylus, whom he subsequently defeated in the dramatic festival of 468 BC, thus gaining his first victory at these competitions
  5. Sophocles (497 BC, 496 BC, or 495 BC - 406 BC) was an Ancient Greek writer who wrote over 100 plays, according to the Suda. Only seven of his tragedies have survived complete. Sophocles was the second of the three greatest Ancient Greek writers of tragedies, the others were Aeschylus and Euripides.. The most famous of Sophocles' tragedies are those about Oedipus and Antigone: these are often.
  6. Sophocles contributes to a theory of dynamics of multi level complex systems by developing mathematical and computational formalisms for information processing in such multi level systems. We develop the formalism in the context of criticality, emergence, and tipping points in multi level systems and apply it to real data
  7. Sophocles ( ca.407-406 dan G.Cr., Atena) ie n autor grech de tragedies coche Ödipus, Antigone, Elektra; si vision dla vita ie tragica nce per gauja dl destin uman guernà dala ueies y dala pascions di Idieies.. Plates cunliedes. Leteratura. Wikidata. d:Q7235. Note
Sophocles Quotations (TOP 100 of 449) | QuoteTabSophocles Biography - eNotes

Sophocles by Sophocles; Francklin, Thomas, 1721-1784, tr. Publication date 1848 Topics Sophocles, Mythology, Greek Publisher New York, Harper & Brothers Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of University of Michigan Language English Sophocles (sŏf`əklēz), c.496 B.C.-406 B.C., Greek tragic dramatist, younger contemporary of Aeschylus Aeschylus, 525-456 B.C., Athenian tragic dramatist, b. Eleusis. The first of the three great Greek writers of tragedy, Aeschylus was the predecessor of Sophocles and Euripides

Sophocles was an ancient Greek playwright, born in Colonus near Athens, Greece in 496 B.C.E. His father, Sophilus, was a rich member of a small community, the rural 'Deme'. Sophocles was highly educated. He is one of three Greek tragedians whose plays have lived on Sophocles (circa. 496 BCE - 406 BCE) was the second of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose work has survived to the present day. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 120 or more plays during the course of his life.

Sophocles of Colonus, a celebrated Greek dramatic poet (ca. 497 B.C.E. - 405 B.C.E.); Sophocles was one of the three greatest Greek tragedians. In the Athenian dramatic competitions of the Festival of Dionysus, he won more first prizes (around 20) than any other playwright, and placed second in all others he participated in Sophocles meaning in Arabic has been searched 1714 times till 16 Jan, 2021. The definitions of the word Sophocles has been described here with maximum details, and also fined different synonyms for the word Sophocles. You can listen to the pronunciation of the word Sophocles in clear voice from this page online through our voice dictionary a. Sophocles synonyms, Sophocles pronunciation, Sophocles translation, English dictionary definition of Sophocles. 496?-406 bc. Greek dramatist whose Oedipus Rex was described by Aristotle as the perfect tragedy Sophocles definition, Greek dramatist. See more. THIS PSAT VOCABULARY QUIZ IS PERFECT PRACTICE FOR THE REAL TES

(Sophocles : Without labor nothing prospers) You want More Beautiful & Insperational Quotes and Images, Visit our website; the link is below. Sophocles awards the player with an Electrium Z. During the post-game, Sophocles is one of the possible challengers the player may face at the Pokémon League while defending their Champion title. The player can also meet Sophocles in Festival Plaza, which he owns. There, Sophocles will introduce the player to the basic mechanics of the facility, reward them when they level up the plaza, and help them install new shops Sophocles is an intelligent young boy with a knack for inventing helpful devices and machinery. He is also a skilled Trainer of Electric-type Pokémon, often using them to power his inventions. While at times rude and prone to absorbing himself in his technological activities, he is friendly and greatly cares for his Pokémon and classmates

Sophocles Encyclopedia

Sophocles is a short chubby boy, who has orange hair and green eyes. He wears a yellow scarf around his neck that resembles a Pikachu's tail and a white T-shirt, with an orange design of a Game Boy Color painted on it. He also wears brown pants with a yellow outline and some green shoes with lightning design and blue soles Sophocles' Life and Works Life. Though the Suda says that Sophocles was born during the 73 rd Olympiad (488/5 BC), he was most probably born a decade earlier, in (or about) 496 BC in the village of Colonus, just a little north of Athens. His father, Sophillus, was a highly educated and wealthy armor manufacturer and slaveowner

Sophocles is a real treat in dialogue, too. It has its long ode-like moments (where reading aloud really helps to focus my eyes when they tend to wander down to the next exchange), but the back-and-forth between characters is typically short and witty A tragic story from the Greek dramatist, Sophocles, Oedipus the King is a well-known and studied play filled with murder, incest, and one man's discovery of the truth about his life.It is the story that you may know because Oedipus murdered his father and married his mother (unknowingly, of course) Sophocles: Oedipus Rex (Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics) August 14, 2006, Cambridge University Press Paperback in English - 2 editio Sophocles, Plato and Aristotle were each Greek philosophers who had very definitive ideas on education. Their respective philosophies were built on the premise of the importance of education. They believed education was the foundation upon which effective social behavior was developed

Apparently Sophocles was a bit of a naysayer or to use BCE lingo (before the common era)--a tragedian. I have a mist of recall around his magnum opus, Oedipus. The main point being if you defy the gods, prepare to suffer the consequences In Sophocles' Antigone there are several different struggles taking place concerning different aspects of social, ethical, and political thought. The role of the citizen, the role of the leader, the right to rule, piety, disobedience, and other issues are discussed throughout the play Sophocles : a study of heroic humanism by Whitman, Cedric Hubbell. Publication date 1951 Topics Tragedy, Heroes in literature, Tragedies, Held, Grieks, Sophocle -- Critique et interprétation, Sophocles -- Criticism and interpretation, Sophocles ca. 497/496 v. Chr.-406 v Sophocles (Oudgrieks: Σοφοκλῆς) (Colonus, 496 v.Chr. - Athene, 406 v.Chr.) was een van de drie grote Attische tragediedichters, naast Euripides en Aeschylus, van wie toneelstukken bewaard zijn gebleven.Zijn eerste stukken dateren van na Aeschylus en eerder dan of gelijktijdig met die van Euripides. Sophocles schreef 123 toneelstukken, waarvan er slechts zeven volledig bewaard zijn.

Sophocles - New World Encyclopedi

  1. Sophocles. Ajax. Electra. Oedipus Tyrannus. Harvard University Press. Minghella, Anthony (1987). First episode of BBC's Inspector Morse The Dead of Jericho. mentioned Sophocles as the murderer. Lucas, Donald William (1964). The Greek Tragic Poets. W.W. Norton & Co. Plato. Plato in Twelve Volumes, Vols. 5 & 6 translated by Paul Shorey.
  2. SOPHOCLES (496?-406 B.C.) Antigone An English Version by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald Person Represented ANTIGONE ISMENE EURYDICE CREON HAIMON TEIRESIAS A SENTRY A MESSENGER CHORUS SCENE: Before the Palace of Creon, King of Thebes. A central double door, and two lateral doors
  3. Sophocles of Sophokles (Aajdgrieks: Σοφοκλῆς) (Colonus, 496 v.Chr. - Athene, 406 v.Chr.) waor eine vaan de drei groete Attische tragediediechters neve Euripides en Aeschylus.. Biografie. Sophocles woort gebore in 496 v.Chr. in Colonus Hippius, e veurstedsje vaan Athene, es zoon vaan 'ne rieke waopesmeed.De jonge Sophocles kraog 'n gesoigneerde opveujing, zowie op sportief es ouch op.
  4. Oedipus the King Summary. Sophocles's Oedipus Rex is probably the most famous tragedy ever written. It is known by a variety of title (the most common being Oedipus Rex), including Oedipus the King and Oedipus Tyrannus.Sophocles, first produced the play in Athens around 430 B.C. at the Great Dionysia, a religious and cultural festival held in honor of the god Dionysus, where it won second prize
  5. ed to track down, expose, and punish an assassin, who turns out to be himself
  6. Sophocles and the Tragedy of Athenian Democracy. Greenwood Publishing. ISBN -313-28946-8; Bowra, C. M. (1940). Sophocles on His Own Development. American Journal of Philology (The Johns Hopkins University Press) 61 (4): 385-401. doi:10.2307/291377. JSTOR 291377. Finkel, Raphael. Adler number: sigma,815
  7. This Vikavolt is a Bug/Electric-type Pokémon owned by Sophocles. 1 Personality 2 Relationships 2.1 Sophocles 2.2 Togedmaru 3 Biography 3.1 As Charjabug 3.2 As Vikavolt 4 Known moves 4.1 Improvised moves 5 Voice actors 6 Trivia 7 Gallery 8 References When he was a Charjabug, Vikavolt was a defensive Pokémon when he was in the wild, and this was shown when Ash picked him up from underground.

Sophocles (born c. 496 bc, Colonus, near Athens [Greece]—died 406, Athens), (Greek: Σοφοκλής; German editions: Sophokles, Russian: Софокл, French editions: Sophocle) was an ancient Greek tragedy playwright.Not many things are known about his life other than that he was wealthy, well educated and wrote about one hundred and twenty three plays (of which few are extant) Sophocles was a playwright who lived in Greece during the 5 th century BC. He is one of the three Greek writers of tragedy (the other two being Aeschylus and Euripides) whose works have survived till this day. According to the Suda, a 10 th century Byzantine encyclopaedia and dictionary of the ancient Mediterranean world, Sophocles wrote a total of 123 plays ― Sophocles, Oedipus Rex. 1 likes. Like Rose the joint evil that is now o'erflowing. And the old happiness in that past day Was truly happy, but the present hour Hath pain, crime, ruin:—whatsoe'er of ill Mankind have named, not one is absent here Sophocles : Sophocles, the son of a wealthy arms manufacturer, was born probably in 496 B.C.E. in the deme Colonus near Athens. Of all the ancient playwrights, he scored the most wins in dramatic competitions, and won the most important dramatic festival, the City Dionysia, an unmatched 18 times

Sophocles Sophocles the man . The main source for Sophocles the Man is the ancient Life of Sophocles - existing as sort of preface to his plays. Here are some gems - although the Life quotes some sources, without any other means of checking up on them some of this material should possibly be taken with a grain of salt Sophocles, the son of Sophilus, was a wealthy member of the rural deme (small community) of Hippeios Colonus in Attica, which was to become a setting for one of his plays, and he was probably born there. Sophocles was born a few years before the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC: the exact year is unclear, although 497/6 is the most likely. Sophocles was born into a wealthy family (his father was. Of Sophocles' more than 120 plays, only seven have survived in their entirety. Of these, Oedipus the King is generally considered his greatest work. This tragedy of fate explores the depths of modern psycho-analysis as Oedipus unwittingly kills his father and marries his mother in an attempt to avoid the very prophecy he ultimately fulfills Sophocles is among the greatest of the Greek tragedians that also includes Aeschylus (c. 525-425), who was the most popular dramatist before him, and Sophocles's younger contemporary Euripides (c. 480-406), author of Medea (c. 431 BC). Sophocles' three Theban plays or Oedipus Cycle consist of Antigone, Oedipus the King, and Oedipus at Colonus. Sophocles, s tefrensist: Sophocle, (ilul gar 497 ed 496 qbel Ɛisa - temmut gar 406 ed 405 qbel Ɛisa), d amaru agrigi n tmezgunin, yerna d yiwen seg yimura n tkesniwin (tragédies) ay d-yuran iqeddicen ay d-yeqqimen ar ass-a. Ɣef leḥsab n Suda (d tasedkalt [encyclopédie]) n lqern wis 10, Sophocles yura-d 123 n tmezgunin, maca ala 7 seg-sent ay d-yeqqimen ar ass-a: Ajjaks, Antigun.

Someone asked Sophocles, How do you feel now about sex Are you able to have a woman He replied, Hush man most gladly indeed am I rid off it all, as though I had escaped from a mad and savage master Antigone Sophocles Edited and Translated by Reginald Gibbons and Charles Segal Greek Tragedy in New Translations. For readers, actors, students, teachers, and theatrical directors, this new translation of one of the greatest plays in the history of the western world provides the best combination of contemporary, powerful language, along with superb background and notes on meaning. Sophocles wrote over 120 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, Women of Trachis, Oedipus Rex, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. For almost 50 years, Sophocles was the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens that took place.

Sophocles - Ancient Greece - Classical Literatur

Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, line 1 - Tufts Universit

  1. The Online Books Page. Online Books by. Sophocles. Online books about this author are available, as is a Wikipedia article.. Sophocles: Ajax, trans. by R. C. Jebb (HTML at Perseus) Sophocles: Ajax, trans. by Ian Johnston (Javascript-dependent page images with commentary at Richer Resources Publications) Sophocles: The Ajax of Sophocles (London: G. Allen and Unwin, c1919), trans. by R. C. Trevelya
  2. Based on the conviction that only translators who write poetry themselves can properly recreate the celebrated and timeless tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the Greek Tragedy in New Translations series offers new translations that go beyond the literal meaning of the Greek in order to evoke the poetry of the originals. The series seeks to recover the entire extant corpus of.
  3. Oedipus at Colonus Sophocles poster, King's College London Greek Play 2013.jpg 1,654 × 2,338; 367 KB The plays of Sophocles (IA playsofsophocles00sophiala).pdf 752 × 1,143, 328 pages; 12.08 MB Sophocles family tree.jpg 1,080 × 400; 67 K
  4. Sophocles studied tragedy under Aeschylus, whom he subsequently defeated in the dramatic festival of 468 BC, thus gaining his first victory at these competitions. He became a general under Nicias and after the failure of the Athenian expedition to Syracuse (413) was appointed one of the special commissioners to deal with the emergency

Sophocles - The plays Britannic

Sophocles The Core Curriculu

Sophocles: The Seven Plays translated into English Verse, trans. Lewis Campbell (1900) (transcription project) The Tragedies of Sophocles, translated into English prose, trans. Richard Claverhouse Jebb [1904] (1917) Sophocles, in English verse, 3 vols., trans. Arthur S. Way (1909) Sophocles, with an English translation, trans. Francis Storr (1913 SOPHOCLES Meaning: famed for wisdom, from sophos wise (see sophist) + -kles fame, a common ending in Greek proper See definitions of sophocles Sophocles. Oxford University Press, Feb 1, 1990 - Drama - 126 pages. 1 Review. Based on the conviction that only translators who write poetry themselves can properly recreate the celebrated and..

Ajax (play) - Wikipedi

About the Greek Playwright Sophocles - ThoughtC

Versatile Greek poet and tragic dramatist. He was the son of Sophilus, a wealthy arms manufacturer. Sophocles studied tragedy under Aeschylus, whom he subsequently defeated in the dramatic festival of 468 BC, thus gaining his first victory at these competitions Sophocles I contains the plays Antigone, translated by Elizabeth Wyckoff; Oedipus the King, translated by David Grene; and Oedipus at Colonus, translated by Robert Fitzgerald. Sixty years ago, the University of Chicago Press undertook a momentous project: a new translation of the Greek tragedies that would be the ultimate resource for teachers, students, and readers But Sophocles worked by blurring his structural outlines just as he blurs the ends of his verses. In him the traditional divisions are all made less distinct, all worked over in the direction of greater naturalness, at any rate in externals. This was a very great gain, but of course some price had to be paid for it A crucial but neglected source of English and Continental literary thought, the Wittenberg Sophocles shaped the reception of Greek tragedy, tragic poetics, and Neo-Latin and vernacular composition throughout the sixteenth century. View HTML Send article to Kindle Sophocles (497/6-406 BCE), considered one of the world's greatest poets, forged tragedy from the heroic excess of myth and legend. Seven complete plays are extant, including Oedipus Tyrannus, Ajax, Antigone, and Philoctetes. Among many fragments that also survive is a substantial portion of the satyr drama The Searchers

Sophocles Stock Photos & Sophocles Stock Images - Alamy

Sophocles continued to write and serve in government well into his eighties. He died in c.406 BC. And yet, despite leaving us only a small sample of seven complete plays, Sophocles still left a legacy powerful enough to make him one of the founding fathers of Western drama Sophocles was an ancient Greek tragedian who wrote more than 120 plays during his life. He was born in a rural community of Attica in roughly 497/496 BC to a wealthy family. His father manufactured armour and Sophocles was very well educated growing up. In 468 BC Sophocles won first prize in a theatre competition. It is believed that he presented the play Triptolemus at this particular festival

Sophocles Biography - CliffsNote

Sophocles was born around 496 B.C. in Colonus (near Athens), Greece. In 480, he was selected to lead the paean (choral chant to a god) celebrating the decisive Greek sea victory over the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. He served as a treasurer and general for Athens when it was expanding its empire and influence Sophocles won his first victory as a tragedian in 468 BCE (according to the ancient tradition, with his first production) and died in 405. He produced about 120 plays: 90 tragedies and 30 satyr plays. Seven complete tragedies of Sophocles survive

Sophocles - IMD

Analysis of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex By Nasrullah Mambrol on July 27, 2020 • ( 0). The place of the Oedipus Tyrannus in literature is something like that of the Mona Lisa in art. Everyone knows the story, the first detective story of Western literature; everyone who has read or seen it is drawn into its enigmas and moral dilemmas Excerpt from a book by one of Sophocles's students on the philosophy of teaching. Palmer, who later became a philosophy, religion and civil polity professor at Harvard dedicated to Sophocles a chapter entitled A Teacher of Olden Time, in which he included many anecdotes about the life and teaching of Sophocles. Here is a sample [säf′ə klēz΄] 496? 406 B.C.; Gr. writer of tragic drama www.historyforkids.or Sophocles' Antigone - written circa 442BCE. Translated by G. Theodoridis

Sophocles - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi

Philoctetes definition is - a Greek archer who uses the bow of Hercules to slay Paris at Troy Search results for Sophocles on loe Sophocles of Colonus, a celebrated Greek dramatic poet (ca. 497 BCE - 405 BCE); Sophocles was one of the three greatest Greek tragedians. In the Athenian dramatic competitions of the Festival of Dionysus, he won more first prizes (around 20) than any other playwright, and placed second in all others he participated in. He is best remembered. Title: Sophocles Author: ahmed.ghazi Created Date: 5/16/2019 10:43:18 A

Sophocles Criticality and Emergence in Multilevel System

Sophocles. Album Antigone. Antigone (Paean & Exodos) Lyrics **PAEN** CHORAGOS:[Strophe 1] God of many names CHORUS: O Iacchos Son Of Kadmeian Semele O born of the Thunder! Guardian of the Wes ‏‎Sophocles Sophocleous‎‏ موجود على فيسبوك. انضم إلى فيسبوك للتواصل مع ‏‎Sophocles Sophocleous‎‏ وأشخاص آخرين قد تعرفهم. يمنح فيسبوك الأشخاص القدرة على المشاركة ويجعل العالم أكثر انفتاحاً حتى يسهل..

Sophocles BiographySophoclesSophocles' Electra | The Cambridge Greek Play
  • علاج البواسير بالدوبلر.
  • قلادة قلب المحيط للبيع.
  • معلومات عن السياحة في باريس.
  • رقصة التانجو.
  • تحميل كتاب تاريخ العمارة وعشائرها PDF.
  • كيفية تعليم طفل التوحد.
  • عسير نيوز حوادث.
  • هل قصور القلب خطير.
  • طوابع مالية لبنانية.
  • كتابة نبض القلب.
  • شخصيات ماشا والدب في الحقيقة.
  • فورد رابتر للبيع في امريكا.
  • بعد تحميل الفيديو لا اجده.
  • عيوب سورينتو 4 سلندر.
  • وكيل قطع غيار هيونداي في ليبيا.
  • انديزاين 2019.
  • دولة حيدر آباد.
  • زهرة الكرز محل.
  • افلام اجنبي جتلي.
  • شروط التبني في الإسلام.
  • الغول الغول الغول.
  • القدرات العقلية doc.
  • أوزجي جوريل.
  • جرعة الكروميوم لحرق الدهون.
  • مهارات التخطيط الاستراتيجي ppt.
  • نطق كلمه بطاطس مقلية.
  • Stuck in Love فاصل اعلاني.
  • موقع ترويج قناة اليوتيوب مجانا.
  • إصدار رخصة قيادة الكويت.
  • تعريف العاطفة في الأدب.
  • المادة 309 من قانون العقوبات الجزائري.
  • Best scrub for body homemade.
  • University of california Berkeley IELTS requirement.
  • حكم قول رب صدفة خير من ألف ميعاد.
  • أجهزة منزلية مستعملة للبيع في مصر.
  • Nat Geo Wild Live.
  • Infiltrator Fortnite.
  • برنامج قص الصورة بشكل دائري و بدون خلفية.
  • كلام موجه لشخص حقير.
  • أنواع الكونتور السائل.
  • المناعة و السرطان.